Handmade VS Machine made

How to differentiate between handmade and machine made rugs

It is very hard for a naïve client to distinguish between handmade, hand-knotted and machine made rugs. In following lines, we endeavor to put forward well-informed guideline to help you for shopping handmade rugs like an expert.
Special looms are required to make handmade and hand-knotted rugs. This is only equipment but secret behind these elegant rugs are magic hands of artists who are protecting this art for generations. Handmade rugs are weaved in different sizes. For all these sizes, different sizes of the looms are used. A rug weaver sets his/her material on the loom and starts weaving from the bottom and ends it at the top. A weaver puts his/her efforts to even every single knot of the rug with his/her hands understanding the value of a knot as loop of the chain. These knots make pile of the rug. This is tiresome and time taking process.
One can imagine the time required for making of a rug is that a super quality of rug measuring 10’ x 12’ may take from 6 months to 8 months till its final stage. You will definitely appreciate the efforts of the artist and it will help to understand the reason behind the price difference of machine made and handmade rug.
Only organic material is used for handmade and hand knotted rugs comprising wool, cotton, silk and jute. In some wool rugs, silk is primary material for outline and highlights of the pattern enriching the quality and attraction of the rug. The age of hand knotted and handmade rugs could be for couple of generations if properly handled and maintained.
Number of knots, dyes used and quality of yarns determine the quality of the rug. Prima Facie, handmade or hand knotted rugs look costly but if we see deep down the surface, life span and appearance of the rug make the best value of your money.


Flat Weave or Hand Woven Rugs

Killim is another kind of handmade rugs. They are flat and have no pile. They fall in the category of flat weaved rugs.  It has no height in surface. With flat weave rugs, you will need to put rug pad under the killim for making its surface. Killims could be used as bed sheets or table sheets.


Machine made Rugs

Large Power Looms are used to make machine-made rugs. These power looms are operated with the computers and can make a rug very quickly. The materials used in machine made rugs are synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon, polyester, acrylic and art silk.
Machine-made rugs are cheaper in price as compare to handmade rugs. Machine-made rugs have shorter life span than handmade rugs.

 

Hand Crafted Rugs or Hand Tufted Rugs

Hand tufted rugs are another type of rug that is considered hand made or handcrafted. This particular type of rug is made using a customized hand held drill gun that inserts the pile into a cloth foundation, which creates a loop pile. If the loop pile is sheared, it then becomes a cut pile. The loop pile rug, if not sheared, is called a “Hand-Hooked” rug.
Some designs have both loop and cut pile combined to create a dimensional effect to the pattern. A latex coating is then applied to the back of the rug to hold the “tufts” in place. A canvas type fabric is then applied over the latex coating to finish the back of the rug.
These rugs have a hand made look but their cost is cheaper than handmade or hand knotted rugs because using the gun speeds up the process dramatically. A good quality 8′ x 10′ hand knotted rug might take from 7 to 14 months, depending on the quality. While the same size rug made in a hand-tufted method might take only 15 hours to 24 hours. Hand-tufted rugs look like handmade rugs but their quality and comfort is far behind the handmade and hand knotted rugs.


Look at the Back of the Rug

One of the best ways to tell the difference between hand knotted and machine made rugs is to look at the back of the rug. In hand knotted rugs the weaving and the knots will be slightly uneven and not perfectly uniform. On the other hand, a machine made rug will look very uniform and perfectly even. The more detail in the design when looking from the back, the better the quality of the rug.


Look at the Fringes of the Rug

Another way to determine if a rug is hand knotted or machine made is to look at the fringes. The fringe of a hand knotted and handmade rug is an extension of the rug foundation.
We hope that this information will help you to develop understanding for buying original and genuine handmade and hand knotted rugs. If you still see any smoke screen, kindly contact us. This is source of our happiness to assist you for buying genuine and original handmade and hand knotted rugs.