It is very hard for a naïve client to distinguish between handmade, hand-knotted and machine made rugs. In following lines, we endeavor to put forward well-informed guideline to help you for shopping handmade rugs like an expert.
Special looms are required to make handmade and hand-knotted rugs. This is only equipment but secret behind these elegant rugs are magic hands of artists who are protecting this art for generations. Handmade rugs are weaved in different sizes. For all these sizes, different sizes of the looms are used. A rug weaver sets his/her material on the loom and starts weaving from the bottom and ends it at the top. A weaver puts his/her efforts to even every single knot of the rug with his/her hands understanding the value of a knot as loop of the chain. These knots make pile of the rug. This is tiresome and time taking process.
One can imagine the time required for making of a rug is that a super quality of rug measuring 10’ x 12’ may take from 6 months to 8 months till its final stage. You will definitely appreciate the efforts of the artist and it will help to understand the reason behind the price difference of machine made and handmade rug.
Only organic material is used for handmade and hand knotted rugs comprising wool, cotton, silk and jute. In some wool rugs, silk is primary material for outline and highlights of the pattern enriching the quality and attraction of the rug. The age of hand knotted and handmade rugs could be for couple of generations if properly handled and maintained.
Number of knots, dyes used and quality of yarns determine the quality of the rug. Prima Facie, handmade or hand knotted rugs look costly but if we see deep down the surface, life span and appearance of the rug make the best value of your money.
Killim is another kind of handmade rugs. They are flat and have no pile. They fall in the category of flat weaved rugs. It has no height in surface. With flat weave rugs, you will need to put rug pad under the killim for making its surface. Killims could be used as bed sheets or table sheets.
Large Power Looms are used to make machine-made rugs. These power looms are operated with the computers and can make a rug very quickly. The materials used in machine made rugs are synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon, polyester, acrylic and art silk.
Machine-made rugs are cheaper in price as compare to handmade rugs. Machine-made rugs have shorter life span than handmade rugs.